Mid Wales leaflet
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Discover a wildflower meadow, swampy woodlands and a dwarf forest
Cors y Llyn means “Bog of the Lake” and the expanse of bog and fenland at this National Nature Reserve was once a lake.
The two basins which form the core of the reserve were originally carved out by glaciers during the last Ice Age and filled with meltwater.
Over thousands of years, they gradually became choked with vegetation, stones and earth, to create the rich, mixed habitats at the reserve today.
One of the best wildflower-rich meadows in mid-Wales is at the reserve entrance and some of the trees in the boggy section are over 100 years old even though they are only a few feet tall!
The reserve is tucked away (see How to get here) but it is worth seeking out if you are in the area. There are so many different habitats and wildlife species in this small and peaceful spot, and the stunted trees give it a rather magical feeling.
There is a short walking trail with a boardwalk which is accessible for wheelchairs.
Cors y Llyn is a National Nature Reserve.
National Nature Reserves are places with some of the very finest examples of wildlife habitats and geological features.
There are over 70 National Nature Reserves in Wales.
Over 100 flowering plant species have been recorded in the meadow, including heath-spotted orchid, carnation sedge, lesser skullcap and sneezewort.
The two basins support a range of acid-loving plant-life, with abundant bog-mosses, ling, cranberry, cross-leaved heath and the insectivorous round-leaved sundew. At the edges, there are patches of bog asphodel.
The southern basin has its own distinctive character: the Scot’s pine here is severely stunted, Scandinavian style, because of the water-logged peat.
A ribbon of birch wood and fen surrounds the bog.
Look out for pale-pink patches of colour in the meadow – these are the cuckoo flower which is one of the first flowers to bloom in very early spring.
A host of spring flowers follow this early display, including the heath spotted orchid, marsh violet and meadow thistle.
The meadow is at its best in summer with its wealth of wildflowers attracting lots of butterflies on warm, still days.
There is a colourful display of damselflies and dragonflies near the pond in summer, too, including some larger ones like the emperor and the southern hawker.
If you’re in luck, you might have the rare privilege of spying a hobby, catching these insects on the wing.
Look out for pied flycatchers, redstarts and wood warblers – the Welsh oak woodland summer visiting trio.
The brightly coloured mosses and lichens will help to brighten up even the dullest of days.
Listen out for the croak of the common frog as you walk past the damper areas. You may catch sight of one and their fellow amphibian residents the common toad and palmate newt.
Birds that visit the reserve during winter include woodcock and snipe.
The walking trail is waymarked and starts from the car park.
Waterproof shoes or boots are recommended for visits between autumn and early spring as water can seep up through the boardwalk.
Please keep to the boardwalk and paths – there are areas of deep open water and deep steep-sided pools covered with floating vegetation.
¾ mile, 1.2 kilometre, accessible
Just beyond the gate, the path goes alongside the wildflower meadow and then skirts around a pond where there is a bench to enjoy the view. The boardwalk then winds through the swampy woodland and past the stunted forest, before a gentle incline back to the car park.
The paths are level and mesh-covered paths and the boardwalk is accessible.
There are seats, and passing places for wheelchair users.
Cors y Llyn is 10 miles south of Rhayader.
Parking is free of charge.
The OS grid reference is SO 016 556.
Take the A470 from Rhayader towards Builth Wells. Immediately after driving through the village of Newbridge on Wye, turn right onto a minor road (the former A470 which runs parallel with the new A470 road south towards Builth Wells). Continue along this road for approximately 1½ miles, go over a stone bridge and take the next turn right opposite a cottage with dormer windows. Follow this narrow lane for about ¼ mile, proceed with care through a privately-owned yard and head for the far left hand corner from where the road continues out of the yard and on to the Cors y Llyn car park.
For details of public transport visit www.traveline.cymru
Tel: 0300 065 3000
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